As the number of those infected worldwide nears 1.5 million, the European countries continue to tighten measures, including border controls, and even total closure of some borders.
In the years of its existence, the Schengen area has never had more internal borders in place, the abolition of which is its essence of existence.
As per April 8, 2020, the internal border controls in place and their expiration date as set by the imposing member country, are as follows:
Austria has reintroduced land border controls with Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein set to expire on April 27.
The country has still in place border controls that were extended last Novembers due to secondary movements, risk related to terrorists and organized crime, the situation at the external borders at the land borders with Hungary and with Slovenia, set to expire on May 12.
Belgium has reintroduced all internal border controls, set to expire on April 19.
The Czech Republic has reintroduced all air border controls and land border controls with Austria and Germany, set to expire on April 24.
Denmark has reintroduced all border controls, which are set to expire on May 12.
Estonia has reintroduced all border controls, which are set to expire on April 15.
Finland has reintroduced all border controls, which are set to expire on May 13.
France has reintroduced all border controls, which will remain in place until October 31.
Germany has reintroduced land and air borders with Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Denmark, Italy and Spain, sea border with Denmark, valid until April 15.
The country has still in place border controls that were extended last Novembers due to secondary movements at the external borders at the land borders with Austria, set to expire on May 12.
Hungary has reintroduced all air border controls and internal land borders with Slovenia, Austria and Slovakia, valid until April 11.
Lithuania has reintroduced all internal borders which are set to expire on April 13.
Norway has reintroduced all of its border controls, valid until April 15.
Poland has reintroduced land borders with Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, Lithuania, sea borders, air borders, all set to expire on April 13.
Portugal has reintroduced all internal land border controls, valid until April 15.
Spain has reintroduced all internal borders set to expire on April 11.
Sweden has the external border controls in place, to be determined but may concern all internal borders, until May 12.
Switzerland has border controls in place as follows:
- Until April 12, 2020 – land borders with Italy.
- Until April 15, 2020 – land borders with France, Germany and Austria.
- Until April 17, 2020 – air borders with Spain, Italy, France, Germany and Austria.
- Until April 24, 2020 – all air borders except air borders with Liechtenstein.
Slovakia has reintroduced all internal borders set to expire on April 17.
As per those countries that do not share any land borders with another Schengen country, Greece, Iceland, and Malta, they have not introduced air controls, but, are applying the no-entry of non-EEA nationals ban.
Italy, on the other hand, is in full lockdown since March 9. As per Latvia, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, though they are not carrying border checks, their neighbours with which they share land borders are doing it for them.
Latvia – both of its EU neighbours Estonia and Lithuania have borders in place.
Liechtenstein – two out of four of its neighbours Austria and Italy have border controls in place.
Luxembourg – all three of its neighbours Germany, Belgium, and France, have border controls in place.
Netherlands – both Belgium and Germany have land borders in place.
Slovenia has suspended 27 border crossings with Croatia on March 27. The three of Slovenia’s land neighbors have reintroduced border controls, making it unnecessary for Slovenia to impose such measures.